So you're one of the people that think automobile sales are the most progressing in sales probably because all of your friends and family have more that one automobile. But you're wrong. For every automobile sold there are four or more of these critical components sold and without these things on your automobile your car would not run or work. In fact if you didn't have these items on an automobile you would not be able to even sell the automobile. Well you want to know what I am talking about don't you? Well I'm talking about the tires for your car, of course!
I'm sure you haven't ever thought of this but while you own and operate your car you are wearing out tires constantly. An average survey done says that you use three sets of tires in a period of five years which is a total of 12 tires in five years depending on what kind of car you have some vehicles have more tires. If you're one of those people like I am who go out in the woods and go mudding and just mess around in the outdoors you might be having a new set of tires each year that means in a period of five years you would have use 20 tires that's a lot of tires don't you think? So you see the demand for automobile tires is much greater than the demand for automobiles.
This is the reason why when rubber was first invented it was considered one of the most valuable things at the time and it was also called the "golden sap". It was one of the most valuable things at the time and still is very valuable. Initially locations such as Malaya and Singapore (then known as the Malayan Peninsula) were the world's top manufacturers of the new product and large nations with many consumers like the United States and almost all of Europe were very eager to get to this area and get their hands on this new product. This is probably why Europe has one of the biggest tire companies there and why there is so much rubber coming from Europe.
Now after many years have passed the demand for rubber tires is still increasing and showing no signs of slowing down. The demand for automobile tires keeps getting bigger and bigger there are more and more cars getting invented and getting put on the market which means more automobile tires are going to be needed to be produced.
If you want to replace your old tires or buy new tires for your vehicle, one sure shot way of knowing exactly the type of tire your vehicle would need is by deciphering the sidewall code. Let's read each code in details.
First up are the markings on tire size. (Example: P195/60R15 87Q)
P stands for Passenger. You may find other abbreviations in place of P, for example:
LT for Light Truck and T for Temporary/Spare tire.
195 stands for the width of the tire in millimeters between the sidewalls.
60 stands for the aspect ratio. The aspect ratio is the ratio of tire width to sidewall height.
R indicates that the tire has a radial construction. You may find other abbreviations in place of R, for example, B which indicates Belted Bias or D that represents Diagonal Bias15 next to R indicates the rim or the wheel diameter in inches.
87 represents load index.
Finally Q (or at times H, S, T, U, V, W, Y, etc.) represents the speed rating. Under ideal situations, the top speed attainable by the tire is indicated by the speed rating.
Next we will read the UTQG Ratings.
Uniform Tire Quality Grading, mandated by the Federal Government rates the tire's tread life. It examines the traction, tread wear, resistance temperature, etc. before deciding on a value. Located opposite the tire size marking that we examined a while back, the UTQG Rating will have separate readings/ratings for temperature, traction and treadwear.
The general treadwear grade is standardized at 100. So if you see 200 as treadwear rating then it indicates that the tire will wear twice as well as a tire with a 100 treadwear.
Traction grades are generally indicated by letters: AA to C. AA is the highest grade while C indicates that on wet asphalt and concrete, the braking power of the tire is poor.
The tire's resistance to heat and dispel heat is indicated by Temperature grades. Temperature grades are also indicated by alphabets. A indicates that the tire can resist heat well, B indicates that it cannot resist heat as good as a tire with A rating and C barely passes the minimum standards for safety. Tire temperature grades are also affected by heavy load or improper tire pressure.
All these grades are however measured in controlled environment when the tires are tested. Weather conditions, driving habits, road conditions will affect the performance of the tires in real life.
Finally let's learn how to do the DOT reading:
Department of Transportation abbreviated as DOT certifies whether the tire is complies with the DOT standards for safety that are applicable to this vehicle. Next to the DOT certification is the serial number that indicates the date and place of the production of the tire.
Other than the three major categories of numbers and ratings, you will get information on the ideal tire pressure, the composition of the tire and the tire type also indicated on the sidewall. Once you are able to crack the sidewall code, you are good to buy tires for your vehicle on your own.
Alloy wheels are the passion of the car enthusiast. They add a great attraction and beauty to the car. It will have the appearance of both professional and also sporty. American Racing is one of the largest manufacturers of alloy wheels in the globe. It supplies alloy wheels for the entire leading car manufacturer like Ford, BMW, AUDI etc. The common tires are made from steel as a metal. Here it has a combination of metals that are called alloys. They are light weight and increase the steering power and maneuvering. It is easy to operate and good looking. How ever it has its own disadvantage. They are
They are most expensive
Alloy wheels are very lighter than steel and can be bent easily
The bent in the rim cannot be rectified easily
The alloy wheels are exposed to galvanic corrosion
There is a chance that this type of tires reduces the air pressure in side the tire.
Magnesium alloy wheels are flammable and risky
Rinken is another top company in the manufacturing of alloy wheels. They manufacture both for the passenger cars and also for the sports car. They have five sizes of tires ranging from fifteen inches to nineteen inches. They have a broader wheel base and the rims are less in numbers. The rims are very strong and handle high speed steering operation and high vehicle speed. The main market of the alloy wheel is buying the customer who wants to improve the image and style of their cars. Car accessory lovers provide a good business for these manufacturers.
Other reason for why the customers select alloy wheels is they are easy to clean and maintain. When compared with the ordinary steel wheels the tires are clogged with the disc and they get rusted after a short period of time. This is because they cannot be cleaned easily. This will reduce the performance of the brake and even sometimes it will cause the breakage of the brake shoes. Tires play an important role in braking and so it should tires should be maintained excellently.
Alloy wheels are simple to fit and are available in all standards of the car manufacturers. They can be used in all models of cars and also in high range cars like the Rolls Royce. Research has found that the alloy wheels reduce fuel consumption and braking stability. The response of these wheels to the steering is very fast and incredible.